The information for some members of this generation is more comprehensive
than for individuals in previous generations. However, the actual number
of family groupings covered is smaller, due to a paucity of information
for some of these groupings which featured in the earlier sections. John
and Isabella Fretwell, as has been noted, were parents to ten children.
But, as with so many families, they suffered the early loss of a number of
their offspring. Much of the information relies on an interpretation of
the terms of the Will of John and Isabella's son John. While there is no
difficulty in following through on the families of John's nephews, the
nieces present more difficulties. I have tried to deduce which nieces
belonged to which sisters, and, pending verification, the information
should be read in that context.
For the children of the Hoyland Swaine Fretwells nothing is known except
for their baptismal dates and inferences from census data.
If anyone has anything they can add, I would love to hear from them and am
only an email away!
||Thomas Bulkeley Fretwell
Thomas Bulkeley Fretwell
The National Burial Index for England and Wales has a record of the
burial, in 1848 at Fladbury, Worcestershire, of one 70 year old Thomas
Bulkeley Fretwell who had been born about 1778. It is most likely that he
was a grandson of Robert and Alice (née Bulkeley) Fretwell and the son of
Thomas Fretwell who, on 19 December 1771, married Joyce Allcock at
Fladbury, Worcestershire, although I have not located any record to
confirm or refute this premise. We know that this couple had at least four
children - Elizabeth, baptised at Fladbury, Worcestershire, on 1 January
1773; Francis, baptised at Blockley, Gloucestershire, on 12 June 1775;
Thomas Bulkeley, baptised at Blockley on 31 December 1777, and Susanna,
baptised on 3 May 1780, also at Blockley. A further record shows that a
Joyce Fretwell, was buried at Fladbury on 26 April 1782. The Hereford
Journal of Wednesday 11 December 1799 reported that -
On Friday se'nnight died, after a few days illness, much lamented,
Thomas Fretwell, Esq, of Upton-old, Worcestershire.
According to the Cheltenham Marriage Register, on 26 February 1818 Thomas
Bulkeley Fretwell, of the parish of Blockley, Worcestershire, married by
licence Elizabeth Jenkins, spinster of the same parish. The witnesses were
Edward Collier, Rupertia Higgs, and John Barnard. The Hereford Journal
of 11 March 1818 notified its readers of the event.
At Cheltenham, Thos. Fretwell, Esq. of Upton-old, Worcestershire, to
Elizabeth, second daughter of the late Rev. Arnold Jenkins, Rector of
Elizabeth Jenkins was baptised at Tredington on 8 July 1793. Her parents
were Arnold Jenkins and his wife Ann (née Collier) who had married at
Blockley on 14 October 1790. By the time Elizabeth married Thomas, both of
her parents had died - Arnold Jenkins in 1802, and Ann Jenkins in 1811. It
was two of Ann's siblings who witnessed Elizabeth's marriage -
uncle, Edward Collier, and aunt, Rupertia (née Collier) Higgs.
It is from a legal case, reported in the Worcester Journal of 6
January 1831, that we glean something more of the background of Thomas
Bulkeley Fretwell. The case relates not only to the tenancy of property
owned by Lord Northwick but also to the time when disgruntled workers,
seeking higher wages, formed into gangs for the purpose of destroying farm
machinery and, in particular, thrashing machines.
Singular Case - James Gilson, Richard Sanders, George Watcott,
Richard Keyteley, and William Blackford, were charged with riot and
assault, on the premises of Mr. Fretwell, at Blockley, on the 7th ult.
Mr. Godson and Mr. Lee appeared for the prosecution; Mr. Shutt and Mr.
Evans for the defence. Mr. Godson, in opening the case to the Jury,
stated that the prosecutor, Mr. Fretwell, had, for thirty years, rented
a farm of Lord Northwick, at Blockley, where his father had also resided
for the same number of years. Mr. Fretwell had given his landlord notice
that he intended to quit the farm, at Michaelmas last. By the custom of
the country, however, he was entitled to the use of the barn upon the
farm, until Lady-day next. In that barn, Mr. F. used a
threshing-machine; and, on Saturday, the 4th ult. the defendant Gilson,
Lord Northwick's bailiff, called on him, to request that he would remove
the machine, which Mr. F. refused to do, and Gilson threatened to have
it pulled down, if he did not. On the following Tuesday, while the
machine was at work, and Mr. F. was standing by, the six defendants,
with another man named Day, rushed into the barn, with axes, hammers,
&c. and broke some parts of the machine, though not so much as to render
it useless, and thereby subject themselves to the heavy penalties of the
laws that relate to the destruction of machinery. One of the defendants,
Blackford, produced a constable's staff, and threatened Mr. F. if he
interfered. - Mr Godson proceeded to call
Mr. Fretwell who stated the facts detailed in Mr. Godson's opening,
adding that Gilson told him Lord Northwick wished the machine taken
down. When Mr. Fretwelll remonstrated with the men who took down the
machine, Blackford shook his staff at him, and told the men not to mind
him. Several persons were present, and were much alarmed at the
proceeding. Mr. Holton (who succeeded Mr. F. in the farm,) remonstrated
against the proceeding; Gilson took him aside, and showed him a letter.
Gilson told the people not to mind witness, for he had Lord Northwick's
authority for what he did.
Cross-examined - Gave notice to quit because Lord Northwick would not
reduce his rent, which was much raised when his Lordship came into the
property; the estate is about 420 acres, the present tenant's rent is
464l. Had heard of machines being destroyed in the neighbourhood, and
that many had been taken down. Gilson might have said that Lord N.
wished the machine taken down, lest its being worked should cause the
property to be destroyed. Told Gilson that after Lord N.'s cruel and
unchristianlike treatment, he was the last person who should ask him to
do any such thing, and added he would oppose every wish of his Lordship;
might have said he was insured, and was not at all alarmed at fire,
because he never had any threat; believes he did not say "my property is
insured, and I do not care a d___n about the premises," but would not
swear he did not say so. Mr. Holton had advised him to take the machine
down, saying he should be afraid. Witness could not thrash out his corn
in proper time without it. Gilson offered to send men to thrash his
corn, but he did not choose to accept this offer. Believes he did not
put his hand on Blackford; was going to shove him out of the barn, when
he produced his staff; the men seemed to wish to avoid hurting the
machine, while taking it down. The expenses of this prosecution were to
be paid by the Blockley Association for the prosecution of Felons.*
Re-examined. - Lord N. had been his landlord 11 years. When the
notice was served, witness said he wished 200l taken off the rent, but
sooner than leave, he would have been contented with 150l.
Jos. Smith and Wm Harrold, labourers in Mr. Fretwell's employ, spoke
to the defendants being present or assisting in taking down the machine.
Daniel Powell saw Blackford at a public-house; he said that Mr. F. did
not strike him.
The case for the prosecution being closed, Mr. Shutt and Mr. Evans
contended that there was no evidence to go to the Jury. Mr. Godson and
Mr. Lee having replied, the Court decided that there was evidence to go
to the Jury. Mr. Shutt, in consequence, addressed the Court for the
defendants, and contended that there was no evidence to shew that there
had been a riot and assault.
The Chairman summed up very minutely and impartially; and the Jury,
after about ten minutes' deliberation, returned a verdict, finding
Blackford guilty of riot and assault, and the rest guilty of riot only.
- The Magistrates adjourned to consider the sentence. Upon their return,
the Chairman told the defendants that no one could doubt the illegality
of their conduct. The sentence was, that Gilson and Blackford pay a fine
of £30 each - the other defendants, £20 each; all of them to be
imprisoned till the fines were paid.
The case occupied nearly six hours. - Lord Northwick was in Court
during the trial.
* Note : In the 18th and early 19th centuries, before the creation of a
national police force, rural communities formed mutual subscription
societies to prosecute criminals. These evolved out of resolutions
passed at parish vestry meetings to prosecute felons out of the public
It was this case to which, four years later, Thomas Bulkeley Fretwell
referred in a somewhat convoluted and disgruntled letter penned at Fair
View Cottage, Cheltenham, dated 20 December 1834, and addressed to the Rt.
Honble. Lord Northwick, of Northwick Park, Moreton in Marsh,
Gloucestershire. (The original spelling is retained).**
I am much surprised to hear from a Gentleman (a friend of mine), that
Col. Henry Lygon made a remark to concerning the trial of my thrashing
machine 4 years ago at Worcester, viz. that I had not sworn to the truth
by saying that Mrs Fretwell did not persuade me to fight your Banditti
on that most extraordinary operation, now I find it a duty (as my
caracter is at stake) and for the sake of my Wife (an inofenceve Woman)
(as no person who deserves the name of a Man) would have mention'd on
the affair) to say that it was not my wife but another Lady that made
the use of the words (If I was in your place I whou'd fight and turn
them all out of the Barn) which Lady is not afraid of owning if
required, now I shall be obliged to you to explain this Mistake to Col.
Lygon the first opportunity you have (as I am afraid it was you that
must have made such a report to Col. L.) as you most unfairly told me
that I did not swear to all that was right before my Neighbours at the
Bell Inn in Blockley in January 1831, now I am much blamed by all
classes (?) that I did not fight on that Momentous Occasion on the 7 of
Dec. 1830 which was owing entirely to my command of good temper well
knowing if one blow had been struck that Death might have occured as the
most Dangerous Weapons were in the hands of both parties and therefore
you may put it down to my Credit that you (as the Leader of the Gang)
was not made to pay the penalty of the Law of your Country ... He that
takes from me my good name robs me me of that which not enriches him but
makes me poor indeed. Now such an unfair report is of great consequent
to me at this time as I am going to undertake the Cheltenham Harriers on
the first of January and must depend on the Liberal subscribers to that
Pack and the Gentleman whom I mention'd is going to be a new subscriber
with many others on my account and I am sorry to say I am obliged to do
something for the support of my Wife and interesting(?) Child at my time
of Life ... owing entirely to my not leaving Upton Wold Farm in the year
of 1818 which I resigned to you on the 5 October in that year after
consulting my Friends ... on the taking of it at such a high rent.
It seems that Thomas, now in his mid-50s and no longer farming, was having
to rely on income derived from organising hunting events to support
himself and his family, a predicament he blamed entirely on Lord
Northwick, as somewhat confusingly set out in the letter. Thomas also
makes reference to mutual family connections, which are not entirely
clear, but which Thomas regards as significant, and reminds Lord Northwick
of his concern and care for the late Lady Northwick. The letter concludes
on a conciliatory note, and with the hope that Thomas can return to
I was going from Northwick to Esam on that day to have hand bills
printed of my sale of stocks when you fixed to leave it to a Mr. Eagle
to settle between us which said Mr. Eagle was never apply'd too but the
Farm was offer'd to Mr. Hancock, Mr Penson and Mr. J Marshall and I was
kept in the dark for a long time waiting for Mr. Eagle till my Stock and
Crop was not worth so much by 1000 pounds, as it was the day I gave it
up to you and then I took the Farm on your promise to lower according to
the times and therefore I am more than five thousand pounds loss by your
extraordinary Conduct by being led by dishonest Servants, even to the
last I was deceived by being kept in the House by your own proposal to
look over the Farm for two days viz. the 9 and 10 of September 1830 when
you lett it to a Cow dealer instead of attending to me an old tenant and
I may say Friend and Neighbour for a number of years and having married
a Neice of our good and lamented Friend the Rev. W. Collier and son in
law to that good Woman Mrs Fretwell from Yorkshire who gave in charity
to the poor of Blockley on Sunday [?] and the villages round that
Neighbourhood hundred of pounds with the best intention and she gave me
thousand of pounds to pay your enormous rent and yet your and your
Sisters I suppose have forgot such a good lady for the last ten years.
Now if you had refer'd according to my particular wish to that good
honest experiance Man Mr C. Marshall of Snowshill I shou'd have been
still living at my native house where I resided for 53 years of my life
and respected by all Classes in the Neigbourhood and I have every reason
to believe I had not a single Enemy (beside yourself) in the course of
my life but your conduct towards me made me miserable for the last few
years who ought to have been my best friend in such bad times as I pay'd
every attention in my power to the late Lady Northwick in her infermity
for the last few years of her life which [?] Lady your Sister Mrs
Rushout well knows and for whom I have every respect for which I hope to
will inform her of when I next see her (or write to her) perhaps it may
happen that thro: having some good friends I may come to end my latter
days at my native Village Blockley and shake hands with you and die in
perfect peace with all Men and I understand Dovedale* is now to be Let
and with your aid and assistance it is in your power to make me happy in
my old age for I am sadly afraid I shall be a cripple the rest of my
life thro: a bad accident I have met with from a fall from my Horse
which have kept my bed for the last 7 weeks therefore not well cut out
for my new occupation and I must say it is very galling to be accused of
things by my bedside as I am quite innocent off, but being free from all
malice I from my very Heart forgive you for what is past and as I hope
to receive the holy Sacrament on Christmas Day hoping you will forgive
me for speaking truth of mind his the humble prayer of your Lordships
true and well wishing Friend and Servant
Thos Bulkeley Fretwell
* Note : Dovedale House was the dower house for the Northwick Estate. It
was at Dovedale House that Thomas' widow Elizabeth was found for the
1851 census return - see below.
Thomas' appointment with the Cheltenham Harriers was short-lived (see
below), but, in his own right, between 1835 and and 1836, he regularly
advertised in the Hunting Appointments columns, the various hunting
fixtures he had organised. For instance, the Worcester Herald of
2 January 1836 advised that Mr. Bulkeley Fretwell's Hounds would run on
5 January from Naunton Inn, on 7 January from Postlip House, and on 9
January from Woolstone Village. Appended to this programme was the
We are glad to hear that this old sportsman will not, on any
account, hunt bag foxes, although they are offered to be sent to him:
Mr. Fretwell remembers his late father father saying, when he hunted
the Cotswold country, that nothing annoyed him more than harriers
hunting bag foxes, - it was unsportsmanlike and unfair.
However, further correspondence between Thomas and Lord Northwick
indicates that Thomas faced some difficulties in running his business.
From a letter dated 20 December 1835 we learn that Lord Northwich had
given notice that Thomas was not permitted to run his hounds over his
Lordship's land, and further, that Lord Northwich refused to pay money
owing to Thomas who begged
... his Lordship will send the ten Guineas he promised by letter
(which letter is fortunately kept) by Christmas Day when all honest
men pay their debts or Mr. F will put it in his attorneys hands to
recover which he shall be very sorry to be obliged to do - Mr Fretwell
is sorry Ld. Northwick is inclined to wage War at the season of the
year when peace and goodwill ought to be kept by order of our Blessed
and added, as an aside
Mr. Fretwell is not surprized at anything Lord Northwick can do to his
Neighbour when he insults his Maker by constantly disturbing the good
people in his Parish Church in the Middle of the service by coming in
late with his Conveyance(?), and then to read the newspaper as Mr
Fretwell was inform'd of by the late worthy Vicar and Curate of
Blockley to their annoyance when Church Warden.
On 19 October 1837, from 42 Clarence Square, Pittville, Cheltenham,
Thomas again wrote to Lord Northwick reminding him that, by a letter of
31 December 1834, the latter had apparently agreed to take out a
three-year subscription, at £10 a year, which amount was still
outstanding. Thomas begged to ask, for the last time before taking legal
action, whether Lord Northwick intended to pay up. By this time,
according to a postscript to this letter, Thomas Bulkeley Fretwell had
'given up the Hounds'.
** Note : John Hine generously provided copies of the correspondence
from Thomas Bulkeley Fretwell to Lord Northwick cited above..
By 1836 Thomas was also in dispute with the Cheltenham Harriers over
access to hunting grounds (and his management practices), as reported in
the Worcester Journal of 22 September 1836.
Mr. Fretwell having stated in the Cheltenham Chronicle that "he begged
the Managers of the Cheltenham Harriers to understand that he
considered the boundary of his hunt to be the Turnpike road from
Cheltenham to Northleach, and, again, the Turnpike road from
Cheltenham to Beckford Inn, (Winchcomb side,) Mr. F. having the leave
of the principal part of both landlords and tenants to hunt on their
respective estates in that neighbourhood;".- Mr. H. Lucas, Manager of
the Cheltenham Harriers, has, on behalf of the committee, contradicted
the statement, which he considers as a gross and wilful
misrepresentation. "With the exception of Beckford Inn and the
neighbourhood, there is (says Mr. Lucas) scarcely any part of the
country named by Mr. F. that he can go upon, without committing a
trespass - that person is, and can be considered in no other light
than an intruder. It cannot be too generally known, that in
consequence of Mr. F.'s hounds being allowed to be out whole days and
sometimes nights in the fox covers and about the country, he is doing
an incalculable deal of mischief, and that it is absolutely necessary
that effectual means should be taken to prevent him, of which he has
had due notice."
It was through the Cheltenham Chronicle of 22 September 1836 that
Thomas Bulkeley Fretwell answered his critics. The following statement
was appended to his published programme of forthcoming fixtures.
Mr. F. took to the Naunton Inn and Hawling country two years ago, when
Mr. Wynniatt gave up his hounds, with the consent of all parties
concerned in that neighbourhood, and who had forbidden the Cheltenham
Harriers hunting over their respective farms. It is not generally
known in Cheltenham and its neighbourhood that Mr. F. got the finest
quarter of the Cotswold Hunt for Lord Segrave from the Warwickshire
Hunt, after that pack had hunted it for more than ten seasons, or the
gentlemen of Cheltenham would be more generous and grateful to him,
for the good sport they have enjoyed for more than twenty years in
this part of the country. Mr. F. has now got the letter, in which his
Lordship thanks him in the most gentlemanly way for the trouble he
took in procuring the covers for him to hunt. Mr. F. begs to say that
the report of his hounds running foxes in the covers in the night is
Immediately below was the following letter to the Editor which explains
the circumstances in which Thomas was forced to relinquish the
management of the Cheltenham Harriers and defines the extent of his
rights to hunting lands.
Sir, - Observing in a paper of this day a paragraph about hunting this
country, signed by one Mr. Lucas : though I could not condescend to
answer him, after the occurrence of certain circumstances, yet, in
deference to the Members of the Committee for managing the Cheltenham
Harriers, I must say, that I do not believe they ever authorized that
person to make so unwarrantable an attack on me; for the same
gentlemen who now form that Committee appointed me to be the
Master of the Harriers, two years ago, whereby I was put to
considerable expense, and was, in fact, made a cripple for life, by a
fall from my horse, in hunting that pack. The only reason ever
assigned for my removal from management of the Cheltenham Harriers
was, that I was, in consequence of the fall, never likely to ride over
five-barred gates again; and this Mr. Lucas was appointed my
successor. Now, it is well known, that the Cheltenham Harriers were,
under him, noticed off the Sandwell estates; the owners and occupiers
of which voluntarily gave me leave to hunt over them, as being an old
sportsman, and there is not a single farmer in the neighbourhood who
will object to me hunting over their farms, unless over-ruled by their
landlords. I may safely say I have more thousands of acres to hunt
over, by the consent of both landlords and tenants, on the north side
of the road leading from Cheltenham to Northleach, than the said Mr.
Lucas has hundreds.
I am, Sir, your obedient servant
THOMAS BULKELEY FRETWELL
Clarence Square Cheltenham, Sept 17, 1836.
The bad blood between Thomas and Richard Hurd Lucas spilled over into
1838, resulting in Thomas being recorded in the Home Office Criminal
Registers on a charge of assaulting Richard Lucas. At his trial at
the Gloucester Assizes on 28 July 1838 he pleaded guilty and was fined
£1. Further evidence of his ill-nature was attested to the following
year when he was again in court on Saturday 7 September 1839, as
reported in the Cheltenham Chronicle of 12 September.
Mr Thomas Bulkeley Fretwell appeared on the complaint of H. Bulkeley,
Esq. having used violent and threatening language to that gentleman on
Monday week last. The complainant stated that he was exceedingly sorry
to prefer such a charge against Mr. Fretwell as he was a distant
relation; but from the great annoyance and abominable language which
he received it could not be borne with any longer. On Monday week, as
complainant was walking up the street with a gentleman, the accused
met him near the Assembly Rooms, and applied the most gross language
towards him, calling him a d___d scoundrel, and threatening to strike
Mr. C. Gray happened to be passing by at the time, and he heard the
defendant threaten to strike Mr. Bulkeley calling him a d___d
scoundrel, and held up a large stick over his head, as if he felt
inclined to carry his threats into execution. The complainant shortly
afterwards went into the Ball Rooms, accompanied by a gentleman, to
avoid further altercation with Mr. Fretwell. Informant neither saw or
heard anything on the part of Mr. Bulkeley which would warrant the
violent conduct of the defendant. He was not present, however, at the
commencement of the dispute.
One Col. Charntie also complained of a similar annoyance on the part
of Mr. Fretwell on Friday last, and described the language applied to
him by the defendant as most abusive and unprovoked, in fact that
nothing could exceed its vulgarity.
Notwithstanding the statement by one Mr. Packwood that it was, in fact,
Mr. Bulkeley who had started the argument by calling Mr. Fretwell a
d___d old fool and threatening (had he been a younger man) to give him a
good thrashing, the Magistrates
... after strongly animadverting on the conduct of the defendant,
called upon him to produce bail, himself in 100ll. and two sureties in
50l. each, to keep the peace for 12 months towards the said
complainant. Mr. F. requested to be allowed till Monday to procure the
required sureties, which was ultimately agreed to, at the suggestion
of Mr. Bulkeley.
For the 1841 census Thomas was recorded as a 60 year old man of
independent means, living in the township of Blockley. While one Mary
Pain, a female servant, was also living with him, I have not yet found
any 1841 census record for his wife and daughter. But by 1842 he was
living at Cheltenham, and the subject of yet further legal action -
Heron [Hiron] v Fretwell - at the Spring Assizes, Oxford Circuit,
Gloucester, on Tuesday 5 April, as reported in the The Times of 8
This case was a very singular one. Mr. Samuel Heron, the plaintiff,
is a most respectable silk-throwster, at Chipping Camden, and Mr.
Thomas Bulkeley Fretwell, the defendant, resides at Cheltenham.
Fretwell has fallen latterly into indigent circumstances, and had been
in the practice of receiving pecuniary support from Mrs. Bowhay, an
aged lady of large property, residing at Blockley, and a relation of
the plaintiff, Mr Heron. In September, 1828, the premises of a Mr.
Franklin, since deceased, had been broken into, and considerable
property carried away. This Mr. Franklin was the brother of Mrs.
Bowhay. A reward of 100/. was offered for the discovery of the
depredator; but without success. It was generally supposed that a
person of the name of Smith, who soon after the robbery went to
America, was the offender; but the transaction after a time fell into
oblivion. Mrs. Bowhay, having, for some reason or other, withdrawn her
contributions from Mr. Fretwell, that person became restiff and
resorted to means calculated, as he thought, to bring her into a
renewal of her acts of generosity. In April 1841, he addressed to her
the following note:- "Monday, April 12, 1841, - Mr. Fretwell's very
best regards, and informs Mrs. Bowhay he did not think it right to
remind her last night of the promise made to him him some time ago,
that if he would have patience, she would put it into his power to
live happy with his wife and daughter, and on that account he has been
living at Blockley separated from them for the last two years in the
most private way, thinking it right to do so, and for the great
friendship that always existed between her late revered brother and
himself he doubts not but what her promises will be made good". Mrs.
Bowhay had made no promise of the kind to Fretwell, and paid no
attention to his note. He again addressed her on the 18th of the same
month, reiterating the assertion about the promise. He notes having
met with no replies, he changed his ground, and began to insinuate in
his subsequent letter that he knew who was the real culprit was who
committed the burglary on Mr. Franklin's house. Under date July 19 he
said, - "Mr. Fretwell fancies himself quite at liberty to expose the
party concerned in the late Mr. Franklin's robbery some years ago, and
as there was a 100l. reward offered if the offenders were bought to
justice and convicted, of course that sum will not be paid, but this
will be settled by Mr. Fretwell's attorney, who has got the business
in hand". These insinuations were repeated in a dark and mysterious
form, but as the correspondence went on - it was all on the side of
Mr. Fretwell - it became apparent that a person was to be implicated
in whom it was supposed that Mrs. Bowhay felt an interest, and it next
came out that the person was Mr. Heron, the plaintiff, and the godson
of Mrs. Bowhay. Fretwell's nefarious proceedings having failed to fill
his pockets, he proceeded to carry his threats into execution. On the
28th December last he swore an information of burglary against Mr.
Heron before Mr. Thomas Beale Cooper, one of the justices of the peace
for Worcester. On the following day Mr. Heron was apprehended, and
only released on finding sureties. After undergoing two examinations
he was discharged.
Mr. Greaves said, the jury were now called upon under the writ of
inquiry to assess the damages due to the plaintiff for the grievous
injury he had sustained.
Serjeant Ludlow followed, and the witnesses were about to be called
when Mr. Godson rose.
Mr Godson said - This is certainly a melancholy case. I at once
admit all the facts stated by my learned friends. I admit that the
letters which have been read were written by the unfortunate
defendant, and therefore I will not trouble my learned friends to call
any witnesses to prove what I so readily admit. The learned counsel
then read that part of the declaration which recounted the injury
which the plaintiff had sustained by the malicious and unfounded
charge preferred against him by the defendant, and stated that the
defendant having admitted the truth of it by allowing the judgment to
go by default, he (Mr. Godson) now, in the presence of the Court,
admitted that it was true, and that there was not the slightest ground
for the prosecution to which the plaintiff had been subjected. He (Mr.
Godson) was sure the jury would be glad to hear one statement more,
and it was that the defendant was upwards of 70 years of age, and that
he (Mr. Godson) agreed with his learned friend (Serjeant Ludlow) in
thinking that the only way of accounting for his extraordinary conduct
was on the ground of insanity, or perhaps, more properly speaking, of
delusion. It was natural under such circumstances that the friends of
the defendant should endeavour to repair, as far as they could, the
injury which had been inflicted upon the plaintiff; and it was under
their instructions that he (Mr. Godson) appeared to tender to Mr.
Heron their most sincere and heartfelt regret for what had taken
place. It appeared that the unfortunate defendant having been
disappointed in his expectation of continued relief from Mrs. Bowhay,
had got fretful. A chord had been struck in his mind of a singular
character, and the results had been of the most objectionable and
distressing kind. He seems all of a sudden to have resolved to
implicate the plaintiff, without the shadow of a reason, in a burglary
which had occurred in the neighbourhood 14 years previously. The jury
would be pleased to bear in mind that the defendant was at the present
moment in the lowest circumstances; and it was therefore for the
benefit of the plaintiff that the friends of the defendant should make
appearance upon this occasion. It might, had a different course been
adopted, have gone abroad that the damages had been assessed on the
hearing of one side only. Such could not be said now. Both sides had
been heard; and the result was the most ample retraction and apology
on the part of the friends of the unfortunate defendant. As to
damages, a large sum should be given. Such a sum as must convince the
plaintiff that the jury regarded his character as untainted,
unsullied, perfectly good, moral and just. He (Mr. Godson) was
prepared to consent, and the arrangement had been sanctioned by his
learned friends on the opposite side, that the verdict should be for
200l. If this arrangement was assented to by the jury, he hoped that
what he had said in the course of his address would be regarded as the
strongest and the most ample apology which one man who had done an
injury could offer to the man who had sustained it.
A verdict of 200l. damages was then recorded for the plaintiff.
Thomas Bulkeley Fretwell died in 1848, and was buried on 9 May at St.
John the Baptist, Fladbury, Worcestershire. His passing was noted in the
Worcestershire Chronicle of 17 May 1848.
In his 71st year, Thomas Bulkeley Fretwell, Esq., formerly of Upenwold,
in this county.
His widow Elizabeth outlived him by nearly twenty years. For the 1851
census return she was living with her uncle Edward Collier, Rear Admiral
and Magistrate, at Dovedale House, Blockley, and she was still included
in his household at Southwick Terrace, Blockley, for the 1861 census.
However, it was at Southwold, Suffolk, that she died, as reported in the
Worcestershire Journal on 13 July 1867.
FRETWELL - July 3, at Southwold, Elizabeth, relict of Thomas Bulkeley
Fretwell, Esq., of Upton Wold, in this country, aged 74.
She was buried at St Andrew's Church, Bramfield, on 9 July. It is likely
that her son-in-law officiated at her funeral.
Only one child has been recorded for Thomas and Elizabeth - a daughter,
Elizabeth Bulkeley Fretwell, born at Upton Wold, and baptised at
Blockley by Reverend Richard Collier on 11 September 1821. On 1 June
1847 she married Nicholas Simons at the parish church of Leamington
Prior, Warwickshire, as noted in the Cheltenham Chronicle of 3
June 1, at Leamington, the Rev. Nicholas Simons, Vicar of Bramfield,
Suffolk, to Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Bulkeley Fretwell, Esq.
Nicholas Simons had been born on 8 June 1810, at Canterbury, Kent, son
of Nicholas Simons, barrister, and his wife Elizabeth. As announced in
the Cambridge Chronicle and Journal of 22 August 1846, he had
been instituted to the vicarage of Bramfield on 22 July of the previous
month. The Framlingham Weekly News of 17 April 1886 and the
Bury and Norwich Post of 24 July 1888 carried notices of the deaths
respectively of Nicholas and Elizabeth Bulkeley Simons.
Simons - 10th inst, at Bramfield, Suffolk, the Rev. Nicholas Simons,
for nearly 40 years Vicar of Bramfield, aged 76 years.
Simons - 16th inst., at The Grove, Holt, Elizabeth Bulkeley, widow of
the Rev. N. Simons, late vicar of Bramfield, Suffolk, aged 66 years.
Before John Fretwell and Isabella Farrel had been married one year their
first child, Catherine was born. They must have known that she was not
likely to live long as they had her privately baptised on 6 August 1753,
and again publicly at St Mary's Church, Tadcaster, Yorks, on 2 September
of that year. Catherine lived only 15 months and was buried at Tadcaster
on 22 November 1754.
Isabella was most likely pregnant again either just before or immediately
after Catherine's death because a second child, John, arrived and was
baptised at St Mary's Church, Tadcaster, on 10 August 1755. However he too
died young, being buried at Tadcaster on 14 June 1759, just before his
fourth birthday. The loss of two children within such a short time must
have been devastating.
John and Isabella would have taken consolation from the fact that their
third child, and second son, Francis had been born in 1756. His baptism,
also at St Mary's Church, Tadcaster, is recorded as taking place on 24
October 1756. However, there is no further information about Francis at
this stage apart from a reference in a newspaper notice placed by the
solicitors dealing with his younger brother John's Will. From this
reference, together with no recorded early burial, it can be reasonably
assumed that he lived to adulthood. But if he did survive childhood, it
was not he, as eldest son, who took over the family business, as would
have been his due, or as a fulfilment of his parents' expectations. Did he
seek his fortunes elsewhere? Did he have a falling out with his parents?
Or was the grocery trade not to his liking?
Mary, fourth child of John and Isabella, must have been a more robust
baby. She was baptised at St. Mary's Church, Tadcaster on 7 November 1757.
Twenty years later she married Richard Kay, a gardener of Leeds, on 10
July 1777 at St. Peter's Parish Church Leeds, by Banns, the event
witnessed by Andrew Duncan and Mary Widdell. The record for the calling of
the banns in June carries an annotation 'forbid in the Church by the
Woman's mother'. What reason did Isabella Fretwell have against the
marriage? Regardless, it went ahead. Based on the will of Mary's
brother John Fretwell, it is possible to identify five children - sons
John and Edward - the former who had died before 1848, and the latter
still living, but 'of unsound mind' in 1848, and three daughters - Ann,
Mary and Isabella. However, based on the timeframe, birthplaces and
father's name I think I may have found at least three
additional additional children who did not survive infancy. These are
James Kay (1787-1788); William Kay (1789-1793) and Maria Kay (1783-1788),
and possibly two more - Elizabeth Kay, baptised 2 January 1785, and
William Kay baptised 1 May 1875. With no birth/death records located for
these last two children I have not included them in the suggested family
tree. There is a Parish Church of Leeds burial record of 7 November 1802
for a Richard Kay, who had been born in 1854 and who had died aged 48 of
palsy. Mary lived to the ripe old age of 83, her death being reported in
the Leeds Intelligencer of Saturday 5 December 1840.
Sunday, last, at the house of her brother, Mr. Fretwell, St. Paul's
Buildings, aged 83, Mrs. Mary Kay, much respected and regretted.
Her death certificate records that the cause of death of Mary, widow of
Richard Kay, gardener, was asthma and the informant was her granddaughter,
Ann Newton, of St Pauls Buildings Leeds. Mary was buried on 3rd December
1840 at St Paul's Church, Leeds.
The next in line of birth was Isabella, nearly two years Mary's junior.
Isabella was baptised, as were her brothers and sisters before her, at St.
Mary's Church, Tadcaster on 12 August 1759. She was almost 30 when she
married William Fawcett. The wedding was conducted by banns at St Peter's
Parish Church Leeds on 17 June 1789, and was witnessed by Dorothy
Berkwith, Sarah Keighley and Hannah Gardner. It was William Fawcett's
William had been born on 27 September 1761 and baptised at St John's
Church, Leeds the following month on 17 October. At the age of 24 he had
married Ann Osman at St Peter's Church, Leeds, on 31 May 1786. A son,
William Osman Fretwell, was born on 20 December 1787, and baptised on 11
February 1788, the same day as wife and mother Ann Fretwell was buried at
St John the Evangelist, Leeds, the burial register entry reading -
11 Feby Ann wife of Wm Fawcett Boar Lane, Childbed, 27yr
As so often happened when the mother died, the baby soon followed. William
Osman Fawcett died at the age of 6 months in June 1788.
The Leeds Intelligencer of 2 January 1797 reported on a 'numerous
Meeting of Gentlemen' at which it was resolved that a Troop of Volunteer
Cavalry may prove to be a 'useful and exemplary Institution at this
Juncture'. William Fawcett, and his brother-in-law William Fretwell were
two of the men who signed up as members of the rank and file. At the time
there was a perceived threat of a French invasion.
The Leeds Directories for 1807, 1809 and 1817 list William Fawcett, of 17
Boar Lane, Leeds, as a Carver and Gilder. A notice in the Leeds
Intelligencer of 3 February 1806 indicates that he ran a flourishing
WILLIAM FAWCETT, Carver and Gilder, Boar-Lane, Leeds respectfully
informs his Friends and the Public, he has just received from London a
Quantity of coloured HISTORICAL PRINTS, of the
BATTLE OF TRAFALGAR,
And the Death of Vice-Admiral Lord Vis. Nelson,
With a number of Half Length Portraits from the last Picture.
CARVING AND GILDING
Executed in the very best Manner, and on the lowest Terms. Neat and
fashionable ornamented Composition Chimney Pieces, Pier and Chimney
Glasses, Girandoles, handsome burnished Gold Frames for Paintings,
Prints, Needle Work, &c. Also, burnished gold Bordering for Rooms,
done in a plain or a most superb Stile.
TWO APPRENTICES WANTED
Youths with a Genius for Drawing, and of respectable Parents, will be
taken on on moderate Terms.
Isabella and William had been married for just over thirty-five years when
Isabella died at the age of 66. She was buried on 14 November 1825 at St
John the Evangelist, and news of her passing was notified in the 17
November issue of the Leeds Intelligencer. Eighteen months later,
William placed the following notice in the Intelligencer of 8
FREEHOLD PROPERTY, in the most Central Part of the populous Town of
Leeds, in Yorkshire. A Valuable FREEHOLD ESTATE in BOAR-LANE, opposite
Albion-Street, suitable for any Concern, however Respectable. TO BE
SOLD BY PRIVATE CONTRACT.- For Price and Particulars, apply to Mr.
Fawcett, Boar-Lane. Leeds.
By this time he was in his mid-60s and was perhaps not in the best of
health. Before the month was out William had died, the Intelligencer
of 1 March announcing his death.
On Thursday last, Mr. Wm Fawcett, of this town, carver and gilder.
A week later the newspaper carried two notices - one calling for all
accounts owing and claims outstanding on the William's estate to be
settled, and the other announcing the arrangements for the auction of
William's 'Extensive and Valuable Stock-in-Trade'. The sale was scheduled
for five consecutive days, commencing on Monday 19 March.
William and Isabella had a daughter, also named Isabella, born about 1790,
who is thought to have married a Joseph Thompson, but at this stage I have
not found anything further on Isabella junior.
As with Isabella, only the briefest details are so far recorded for Ann,
child number six for John and Isabella Snr. She was baptised on 28
September 1760 at St Mary's Church, Tadcaster, and married, in her 25th
year to Thomas Wright. He was a Clothworker of Leeds. The ceremony was
held on 20 March 1785 at St Peter's Church Leeds, by banns, and was
witnessed by Elizabeth Rollinson and Joh. Appleyard. I have identified two
of John Fretwell's nieces - Ann Mayking and Eliza Hollings - as being
daughters of Ann and Thomas Wright.
John Fretwell, seventh child and as far as is known second surviving son
of John and Isabella Fretwell, made his first recorded public appearance
with his baptism on 23 January 1763 - yet another entry in the St. Mary's
Parish Register. John Fretwell Snr was the first to venture into the
grocery business, and John Jnr capitalized on the experience, by which he
was able to establish the family's reputation and standing in the
commercial world of the City. He never married. Rather, during his working
life he, in partnership with his brother William until the latter's
premature death, and then with his sister-in-law Mary (née Vause), devoted
his energies to advancing the family's grocery business.
John featured in a number of Leeds Directories. In 1807 and 1809 he is
listed under Fretwell and Cockshott, Grocers of Market Place. By 1817 they
have moved premises, and apparently expanded their business, being now
recorded as Fretwell and Cockshott, Grocers, Tea Dealers and Hop
Merchants, of 22 Cross Parish. For the same Directories, brother William
is recorded as a Grocer and Tea Dealer in Upperhead Row, with the 1817
Directory listing sister-in-law and partner Mary as carrying out a grocery
and tea dealer business from premises at 4 Upperhead Row. According to
William Parson's 1826 Directory of Leeds, John was running his business
and residing at 79 Briggate. In 1837 he was at 5 St Paul's Buildings. I839
finds him as John, Gentleman, 22 St Pauls Street, and Mrs Mary Fretwell
listed as having moved to Knostrop. By this time John certainly had
retired, and perhaps so too had Mary, although she may have kept a
watchful eye over and interest in the business which was then carried on
by her son, William - Wholesale and Retail Tea Dealer, Grocer and Coffee
Roaster-operating out of Colonial Wharf, Dockside, Knostrop. The 1851
census finds John Fretwell (transcribed as Dretwell) still at the very
upmarket address at the corner of St. Paul's Street and park Square. He
was described as a retired grocer, living on an annuity, and looked after
by two domestic servants.
In addition to the grocery business, John took an interest in, and was
financially able to invest in property and, more particularly, in the
burgeoning railway industry. In 1837 he purchased a sizeable block of land
- 4,175 square yards - situated between Jack Lane and Hunslet Lane, known
as the Dowbridge Closes. It was here that the Hunslet locomotive
building industry was born, when, as announced with some fanfare in the 2
September 1837 Leeds Intelligencer, engineers Todd, Kitson and
Laird commenced business at the Railway Foundry. John Fretwell was
connected to Todd and Kitson through their marriages to two of John's
John died on 5 June 1855 at Leeds at the doughty age of 92. That he had,
during his lifetime, lifetime amassed a considerable fortune and a number
of properties in the Leeds district is documented in his Will.
Messuage and Dwelling at 22 and at 23 St Paul's Street
Freehold dwelling house in West Street
Freehold messuage in 30 Somers Street
Freehold estate on the Westside in Briggate called "The Talbot Estate",
i.e. the Talbot Inn, 3 shops etc
Dowbridge Estate in Hunslet Lane, called the Railway Foundry Estate,
with workshops and other buildings.
A clearer appreciation of the extent of his estate is provided by a
notice, placed in the 12 July 1873 Leeds Mercury by the Trustees of
the late John Fretwell, Esq, drawing the public's attention an auction to
be held on 16 July at the Great Northern Railway Hotel, Leeds.
The following Valuable Business Property:-
Lot 1. The long established LICENSED HOUSE, known as the "Talbot Inn,"
situate in the Talbot-yard, leading from Briggate to Lands-Lane,
together with the brewhouse, stables, and loose boxes for 17 horses,
enclosed yard and requisite outbuildings, in the occupation of Mr.
The large BILLIARD ROOM and appurtenances occupied by Mr. Austin; and
the several SHOPS, DWELLINGS, and WORKSHOPS, respectively occupied by
Mr. John Till, tailor; Mr Towars, Mr. Fraser, printer; Mr. Sturdy,
poulterer; Mr. Peacock, tailor; and others.
This lot contains, inclusive of a portion of the Talbot-yard, about
1,100 square yards, and is bunded on the west by Lot 2, and on the
east by Lots 3 and 4.
The Talbot Inn is a well-accustomed house, has a large country and
town connection, and is exceedingly well situated for doing a very
Lot 2. The well known REFRESHMENT and BILLIARD ROOMS in Lands-Lane,
occupied by Mr. S. Johnson, with the workshops, warehouse, and
stabling adjoining thereto, and in the occupation of Mr. James Howden
and Mr. Johnson, or their undertenants.
This lot contains about 425 square yards, and has a frontage
(including the Talbot-yard, 9ft wide) of 64 ft to Lands-Lane, and
should the Corporation proceed with the widening of the street (part
of which is already done), about 22 ft in depth of this lot will be
required for that purpose, and the value of the remainder will be
Lot 3. The spacious and very valuable SHOP, four stories high,
situated and being No. 79, in Briggate, and now occupied by Mr. A. R.
Armstrong, ironmonger; also the LOCK-UP SHOP adjoining, and occupied
by Mr. Armstrong, hosier.
These superior shops have an excellent and commanding front elevation,
are most substantially built, modern in their internal arrangements,
and could readily be thrown together for the formation of one large
establishment. They have a frontage to Briggate (including the Talbot
passage, 7ft 6in wide) of 38ft 2in and comprise an area of 176 square
yards, or thereabouts.
Lot 4. A valuable SHOP, No 78, Briggate, adjoining Lot 3, on the
south, and occupied by Messrs. Wright Brothers, woollen drapers.
This lot has a frontage to Briggate of 19ft 5in, and contains 95
square yards or thereabouts.
Lots 3 and 4 are near to and overlook the junction of Upperhead-row
and Lowerhead-row with Briggate, and occupy a very conspicuous and
advantageous business position.
Lot 5. About 4,175 Square Yards of LAND, with the workshops, steam
engine, boiler, shafting, reservoir, well of excellent spa water, &c.,
thereon and therein, formerly known as the "Railway Foundry," and
situated in Ripon-street, Pearson-street, and Yarmouth-street,
Hunslet, near to the works of Messrs. Kitson and Co., Messrs. Manning,
Wardle and Co., and in the midst of a great manufacturing business
requiring space, light, water, and a convenient position.
Printed particulars and lithographed plans may be had of Messrs.
Hepper, Leeds and Bradford; Mr. John Smallpage, Land Agent, Mark-lane,
Leeds; or of H. DAWSON, Solicitor, 63, Albion-street, Leeds.
Briggate - Talbot Inn on left - looking towards Corn Exchange
Note: According to A History of Leeds, published in 1797, The
Talbot Inn was a very ancient building, and in one of the chambers
used to be painted, in fresco, the arms of all the Nobility and
Gentry of this neighbourhood, as they were in the time of Queen
Following John's death the following newspaper notice was placed by H
Dawson, Solicitor, 58 Albion Street, Leeds (undated; Ref G11313):
HEIRS-AT-LAW of JOHN FRETWELL, formerly of Leeds, grocer, deceased,
wanted. He had three brothers, namely, Francis, Peter and William.
Francis is supposed to have died without issue. Peter had two daughters,
Mary and Ann. Mary married John Robinson, weaver, of Deighton or
Sheepbridge, near Huddersfield. She is supposed to have died there about
1833. The descendants of the said William Fretwell being known, need not
The Executors of the Will were Charles Todd, George Newton, and John
Eyres, the latter being given a legacy of 19 guineas. The Will was
witnessed by M Blonne, Solicitor, Leeds, and his Clerk, Thomas Tubb. The
premature death of Charles Todd, however, required a codicil dated 27
February 1854 to be added, which was witnessed by Edward Dawson, Incumbent
of St. James' Leeds, and H Dawson, Solicitor, Leeds. "Whereas Charles Todd
one of my Executors has lately died now I appoint my niece Isabella Todd
of Leeds widow of the said Charles Todd and Henry May of the Hope Nursery
Leeming Lane in the County of York nurseryman Executors in place of the
said Charles Todd." The Will was duly proved on 17 November 1855 by George
Newton of Leeds, Painter - one of the original Executors, Isabella Todd of
the same place, and Henry May of Leeming Lane, Burneston in the County of
York, Nurseryman. The final documentation on the estate was an 1890
reconciliation of accounts made on the death of the last living annuitant,
Eliza Hollings. Refer also to
Peter arrived just over 18 months after John, and was the eighth child
born to John and Isabella in the space of just under twelve years. He was
baptised at St. Mary's, Tadcaster, on 10 August 1764. Unlike his brothers
John and William, but possibly following the example of brother Francis,
Peter did not work in the family business. He must have done some form of
apprenticeship as he earned his living as a Cabinet Maker. Whether he
worked for himself or for someone else is not known. Just after his 23rd
birthday Peter married Elizabeth Robinson, daughter of John Robinson of
Kirkgate, Leeds. Elizabeth was 8 years older than Peter, having been born
on 29 July 1756 and baptised on 6 September of that year, probably at St
Peter's Parish Church, Leeds. The marriage was solemnized by John Cooper,
Curate of St Peter's Church on 5th November 1787, by banns, also at St
Peter's Church. Witnesses to the marriage were Henrietta Robinson
(possibly a sister to Elizabeth) and Thomas Knight. By their fifth wedding
anniversary three children had been born to Peter and Elizabeth-one son
John, 1786, and two daughters Mary, 1790 and Ann, 1792. Elizabeth died
aged 67 on 4 November and was buried on 7 November 1823 at St. John's
Church, Leeds, Francis Cookson, Curate, officiating. 1823 must have been a
particularly sad year with both Elizabeth and her daughter dying within 3
months of each other. An inscription on a tombstone, lying flat against
the east-side outside of St John's Church, Leeds commemorates not only
Elizabeth's death, but also that of their younger daughter Ann (and later
that of the first daughter, Mary).
Here lieth the Body of
who died August 25th 1823
Aged 30 Years.
Also the Body of
Mother to the above, died
Nov 4th 1823 Aged 67 years.
Also the Body of Mary, the
Beloved Wife of John Robinson
of Deighton near Huddersfield
and Daughter of the above
Elizabeth, who died Nov 7th 1831
aged 42 years.
The notation on Elizabeth's burial registration describes her as a widow.
This begs the question as to what happened to Peter. The date of his death
is unknown, but it is reputed that he died in the West Indies. Certainly
by the time his brother's solicitors were seeking legal heirs the family
had lost touch with Peter's family. From the notice it is clear that they
were unaware of Peter's daughter Ann's death, or the date of Mary's, nor
were they sure if Peter and Elizabeth had any grandchildren. Taking as
fact that Peter did go to the West Indies begs the questions - When? -
How? - by what vessel/s? and Why? Further research may uncover more
information about the roving Peter.
William, the ninth child of John and Isabella was born at Tadcaster on 8
July 1766, and baptised some six weeks later on 28 August 1766 at St
Mary's Church, Tadcaster. He went into family's grocery business with his
brother John, 2½ years his senior, and is listed in the Leeds Directories
of 1797 and 1800 - Fretwell Wm, grocer and tea dealer, Upperhead Row. But
prior to this he had met and married, and produced a relatively modest
brood of Fretwells. On 29 August 1795 William had applied for a licence to
marry. The formalities completed, the marriage of William Fretwell,
Grocer, to Mary Vause, Spinster, was solemnised in the Parish Church of
Leeds on 3 September 1795. The officiating minister was Edward Wilson, and
the two witnesses were Robert Butherford and Thomas Atkinson. As attested
by William, no parental consent was required because he was 29 and Mary 30
at the time of their marriage. The happy event was recorded in the
Leeds Intelligencer of Monday 7 September.
On Thursday last was married, Mr. Wm. Grocer, to Miss Mary Vause,
both of this town.
According to WEF's records, Mary Vause had been born on 13 March 1765 at
Epworth, Lincolnshire. She was the first owner of the Fretwell Family
In a marriage spanning nearly 14 years William and Mary had 6 children-2
daughters and 4 sons - the last two being born when Mary was in her 40s.
Of these, two died as infants, two survived past childhood, but died
young. Only two lived beyond their twenties and of these only one married
and had a family of his own.
Children of William Fretwell and Mary
17 Sep 1797
13 Apr 1799
1 Feb 1872
17 Apr 1800
8 May 1848
1 Jul 1802
1 Jun 1803
16 Oct 1804
22 May 1823
4 Aug 1807
21 Aug 1809
William was yet another Fretwell male to die relatively prematurely. This
sad event occurred in his 43rd year on June 11 1809. He was buried in the
Mill Hill Chapel Yard. With William's death, Mary was left a 44 year old
widow with 4 young children to care for. A double tragedy for the family
occurred, within three months of the loss of the breadwinner, with the
death of the youngest son, John.
Mary never remarried. Just eight days after William Fretwell's death his
widow placed the following advertisement in the Leeds Mercury.
WIDOW of the late WILLIAM FRETWELL
GROCER AND TEA DEALER
RESPECTFULLY returns Thanks to the Friends of her late Husband for
past Favors, and begs leave to inform them, she purposes carrying on
the Business as usual, and humbly solicits a Continuance of that
Support so liberally experienced by her late Husband.
Leeds, June 19, 1809
She joined her brother-in-law John as business partner and, from the Leeds
Directory listings referred to earlier, apparently carried on until at
least 1822, when she would have been approaching her 60th birthday. She
seems to have lived and worked from a number of places in Leeds. Up to
1826 she was located at Upperhead Row, in 1837 at Alfred Place, and in
1839 at Knostrop. According to her death certificate, Mary died at the
impressive age of 86 on 21 September 1851 at Gowthorpe, Selby, probably at
the home of her son William, who was the informant, and daughter-in-law
Ann. The cause of death was given as 'General Decay'. Mary was buried in
the Woodhouse Cemetery, Leeds.
Mary was mentioned in the will of her brother-in-law John Fretwell.
To Mrs Mary Fretwell the widow of my late brother William Fretwell an
annuity of £26
To Mary Fretwell 50 shares in the Leeds & Yorkshire Ass. Co until
John Fretwell the younger attains 14 years then my Trustees shall apply
the Interest of 30 shares for the clothing and education of the said
John Fretwell and when he attains 22 to transfer such shares unto him
and also to utilize the remaining 20 shares for the benefit of Vause
Fretwell and to transfer them unto him on his attaining 22 years of age
and in the case the said John and Vause Fretwell shall happen to die
then I give 6 of the said shares to Elizabeth Fretwell daughter of my
said nephew William Fretwell.
John and Isabella had already produced nine children in the space of
twelve years, when, maintaining this daunting cycle, Bartholomew was born
in the 14th year of their marriage, and he was to be their last child.
Perhaps the sadness of his early death decided John and Isabella against
having any more children. They were now both approaching their 40th
birthdays, and had certainly 'done their bit' to ensure the continuity of
the Fretwell line. Bartholomew was yet another Fretwell statistic in the
St Mary's Church, Tadcaster, records. He was baptised on 9th October 1768,
and buried just over 3½ years later on 30th May 1772.
We move now from the city environment to the village of Hoylandswaine, and
to the grandchildren of Joshua Fretwell, by his first wife Easter Denton,
and his second wife Ann Tayle(o)r.
The Two Mary Fretwells (Daughters of William)
We have a record of two daughters being born to William Fretwell of
Hoylandswaine. The name of the mother/s of these two little girls is not
known. As they were both named Mary, it can be assumed that the first had
died prior to the birth of the second. Mary number one was, according to
the Silkstone Parish Register, baptised on 30 September 1733. There is no
corresponding record of burial, but if she survived infancy, she did not,
in all probability, survive past her 9th year. The baptism of Mary number
two, also recorded in the Silkstone Parish Register, occurred on 3 July
1741. Whether or not she survived to adulthood is unknown.
Sara Fretwell (Daughter of John)
Sara, daughter of John and Grace Fretwell (née) Burgon of Hoylandswaine,
and cousin of William's two Marys, was born just after Mary number one.
For this child all we have is the baptismal record of 22 February 1733/34
in the Silkstone Parish Register.
Frettwell, Sara, d. of John Frettwell of Hoylandswaine baptized
Ann and Joshua Fretwell (Children of Joshua)
Joshua and Ann's son Joshua and his wife Elizabeth had two children, a
girl and a boy.
Children of Joshua Fretwell and
14 Feb 1755
26 Jun 1756
First born Ann was christened on 14th February 1755, probably at the
Silkstone Parish Church. Just before her twentieth birthday, on 2nd
January 1775 she married, at Silkstone, Jonas Walshaw, who was her senior
by five days. We do not know how long this couple lived, but their second
and last known child was born probably in 1779.
The family name Joshua is yet again perpetuated with the baptism of
Joshua, senior, and Ann's second child. Born just sixteen months after his
sister Ann, Joshua was baptised, again probably at the Silkstone Church,
on 26 June 1756. He lived to a goodly age, with his passing at the age of
86 in the year 1842.
There are no further references to the Hoylandswaine Fretwells in the
inherited family records, but the Index to the 1851 Census for
Hoylandswaine lists 11 Fretwells.
1851 Census Index, Hoylandswaine
From the above list we can tentatively identify 4 households.
Joseph Fretwell, a widower, occupation linen weaver, was living with his
unmarried sister Mary. They were both in their 70s and would have been
born respectively around 1774 and 1779. Living with them were possibly
two unmarried children of Joseph, son Joshua, born about 1831, and
daughter Martha, born around 1833.
William Fretwell, hand loom weaver, had married Ann, and they had three
children, Johnathon, Sarah and Martha. Respectively they would have been
born around 1812, 1814, 1841, 1844, 1846.
Joel Fretwell seems to have lived on his own, was unmarried, and earned
his living as a hand loom weaver. He would have been born around 1819.
Also living alone was Isaac Fretwell, also unmarried, and a nail maker
and farmer. He would have been born around 1785.
Whether this interpretation is correct, and what the relationship between
the families might be, is not established. The reason for spending some
time with these people is that they may provide the links between the
'Cawthorne' Fretwells and the 'Penistone' and 'Emley' Fretwells.